- Change Detection using Airphotographs and Satellite Images.
- Multi - Source GIS Data base Updating.
- Spatial Analyses of Road Network Accidents
- GIS - Driven QC and Updating of Core Spatial Data Bases
- Air Pollution and Risk of Congenital Anomalies (Birth defects) in Israel
- OBSERVE - Strengthening and development of Earth Observation activities for the environment in the Balkan area
- DLG "Feet - to - Meters" Conversion. 1.10.1987 - 30.9.88
Conversion of a U. S. Geological Survey, 1:24,000-scale map Hypsography layers from the original representation in feet to meters. This effort was carried out both in the mainframe domain (IbM 3081, Amdahl) and the micro computer domain (IbM PS/2 60,80).
The method that was developed and implemented, in the prototype project, will serve the wholesale conversion of the USGS 7.5'- quads 1:24,000 - scale map series! (over 50,000 maps).
- DLG Hypsography Enhancement. 1.10.1988 - 30.9.89
Development of Algorithms, Methods and Software for Automatic Quality Control and Error-Detection of Digital Hypsographic Data. The Software is in use by the USGS/NMD to correct and enhance the DLG Maps of the USGS 7.5' quads 1:24,000 - scale map series.
- Establishment of the National GIS in Israel. 1.4.90 - Present
As the professional advisor for Digital Mapping and GIS to the Director of the Survey of Israel, and a member of the Steering Committee for the New Remapping of Israel.
- Definition of the Israeli National GIS (part of a team) 4/1991
- Definition of the Layers in the National GIS (part of a team) 8/1991
- Definition of the Items in the Various Layers of the National GIS 9/1991
- Generation of a Unified Set of Feature Coding for the National GIS10/1991
- Technical Standards and Specifications for the New Digital Photogrammetric
Mapping of Israel 11/1991
- The Generation of the IEF91 - Israeli Exchange Format (the proposed
Standard for Exchanging Digital Mapping Data in Israel) 11/1991
- Technical Standards & Specifications for DTM Generation for the
New Digital Photogrammetric Mapping of Israel 11/1992
- GIS Data Handling and Updating 11/1993 - Secondary Coding for Public
- Digital Coding Schema Coordination with the "Green" Authorities
- Specifications and Procedures for 3-Dimensional updating of the National GIS 8/1999
- Upgrading the Urban GIS 12/2000
- Establishing the (GNIS) Geographic Names Information System 12/2001
- Specifications, procedures and QC software for Address and Urban Land Use Updating 10/2002
- Establishing the Source-Code Schema as a standard for metadata 12/2002
- Establishment of a Road Safety GIS System, Municipality of Haifa. 1994 - 2000
An advanced Arc/Info-Based GIS System for Road Safety Analyses and Improvements. One of the first such systems in the world. It enables the municipality to analyze, manage and improve the safety status over the road network. This system, now also available on the more affordable, PC-based, Arc/View software was the very first Road Safety GIS System, worldwide.
- Establishment of a Photogrammetric Management GIS System, SOI. 1998 - 2002
An advanced Arc/Info-Based Modular GIS System for various photogrammetric, remote sensing and image processing procedures, management and data retrieval. This project is a multi year research and development effort that involved scientific research into advanced fields of photogrammetry and remote sensing. Results are shown in the generation of innovative algorithms for automatic change detection and radiometric histogram equalization of the imagery produced from different sources or epochs.
The introduction of advanced GIS capabilities to the image processing efforts, resulted with a GIS based image data retrieval that offers a variety geographical coordinates definition in terms of: National Grid Coordinates; Municipalities; Standard Map-series quads; Cadaster Blocks; Land registration plots; Streets; Specific Street Address and more. Data base updating module is complimenting the retrieval capabilities. All flight missions are updated as made by interactive and semi-automatic capabilities offered by the new system. In addition, the system is capable to automatically update the data base where the air photography flight mission was controlled by GPS monitoring. Aiming to the future digital photography era, the system is capable to be automatically update the data base both in terms of the images and the spatial and non-spatial metadata information.
Part of the system is a special module for the Automatic Planning of Air Photography Missions. This innovative module is a combination of photogrammetric know how embedded into newly developed GIS-based algorithms that take into consideration the specific conditions of Israel. The result is an automatic generation module of flight mission instructions, digitally coded for a GPS-based flight controller. The algorithm takes into consideration, not only the photogrammetric specifications and the topographical information but also issues as proximity to national borders and maneuverability of the specific aircrafts as well. All is transparent to the users and detailed enough to assist and support both novice and expert operators.
Another part of the system is a fully automatic Orthophoto Generation and Mosaicing module. This module allows the generation of orthophotoes all over the country. The user is prompted to define the desired area, scale and dates of original imagery. The system is capable to define whether all needed data and imagery exist at the data base. The user is than prompt for a decision whether to use existing data or to generate the missing data fit best for the original specifications. Once satisfied, one may launch the system that is automatically generates the orthophotoes from single air photographs. Then, again transparent to the user, the system is defining the needed image enhancements, by means of histogram equalization and generates a mosaic of all individual orthophotos into a single, radiometric homogeneous and seamless product.
Economical analysis of Analytical-Cadaster (Land Registration), SOI. 2005-2006
My part in this project involved some innovative theoretical developments and modeling of the possible venues the Survey of Israel should take in order to establish Analytical cadastre. Based on my past experience with cadastre measurements enhancement, by programming some algorithms suggested by the late Prof. A. Perlmutter, I've suggested a five options model. This model ranged from Digitizing existing maps and changing the legislature concerning the eligibility of these digital translations and transformations; to the fifth option of remapping the whole cadaster system by staking the lots and GPS-based measuring of all these ground points. The model suggested by me allowed for three more enhancements of the basic (cheapest)_ digitization effort. This by means of adding constraints that will be merged and combined into an advanced computation adjustment process. All these five options were economically analyzed in order to attach a "price" tag for each venue.
- 1981 - Israel Ministry of Transportation Grant: "Energy
Conservation at Traffic Signals," with D. Mahalel & M. Livneh.
- 1982 - Israel Ministry of Transportation, National Road Safety
Center Grant: "Geographic and Geodetic Data base Generation for Mapping
of Traffic Characteristics & Accidents. "
- 1988 - United States Geological Survey Grant 14-08-0001-G1539
($100,000): "Terrain Modeling and Contouring Software Development,"
with J.D. bossler.
- 1989 - United States Geological Survey Grant 14-08-0001-A0667
($135,000): "DLG Hypsography Enhancement," with J.D. bossler.
- 1991 - Technion, Alexander Goldberg Memorial Research Fund Grant
($4,000) "Quality Control for Digital Maps."
- 1992 - Netivei Carmel Grant (NIS 80,000): "GIS For Road
Safety Analysis". With A.S. Hakkert.
- 1994 - Israel Ministry of Transportation Grant (NIS 285,000);
Combined research efforts:
- (1) "National Urban Accidents Mapping"
- (2) Evaluation of Hazardous Locations in Pedestrian Accidents"
- (3) " Geographic Correlation between Children Accidents and Educational
Institutes", With A.S. Hakkert
- 1995 - beracha Foundation Donation ($47,780) : "Establishment
of the GIS & Remote Sensing Laboratory", in the Department of
Geography, University of Haifa.
- 1996 - Survey of Israel Grant: "Updating the National GIS".
- 1996 - Keren Kayemet LeIsrael Grant (66,000 NIS):"Generation
of a Geographical Information System for Identification and Classification
of cultivated areas by Land Use and Physiographic Parameters in the Quishon
River basin". With M. Inbar
- 1997 - University of Haifa, Research Authority Grant ($4,500)
"3-D Map and Image Processing System for 3-Dimensional Perception".
With Y. bar-Gal.
- 1997 - Survey of Israel Grant 97-7 (38,500 NIS) “Historic Maps and Airphotographs of Israel”. With A. Golan
- 1998 - Keren Kayemet Le’Israel Grant (63,000 NIS):“Generation of a Geographical Information System for Identification and Classification of cultivated areas by Land Use and Physiographic Parameters in the Quishon River Basin - part B”. With M. Inbar
- 1998 - University of Haifa, Research Authority - “VATAT” Grant ($7,200) “GPS-Based Updating of a GIS Database”.
- 1998 - University of Haifa Affiliates Donation ($31,000) “Generation of GIS and Remote Sensing Databases”.
- 1999 - Survey of Israel Grant 99-10 (30,000 NIS) “Historic Maps and Airphotographs of Israel - Phase II”.
- 1999 - University of Haifa, Research Authority - “VATAT” Grant ($5,000) “Wide-Angle Airborne Photography”.
- 2000 - Survey of Israel Grant 00-3 (132,000 NIS) “Historic Maps and Airphotographs of Israel - Phase III”.
- 2000 - Ministry of The Environment Grant (63,500 NIS) “GIS System for Sustainable Tourism Development”. With Y. Mansfeld
- 2001 - Water Authority Grant (85,000 NIS) “GIS Model for Urban Runoff Prediction - Phase I”. With M. Inbar
- 2001 - Haifa Municipality Grant (200,000 NIS) “Haifa Streets and Landmarks – Phase I -Historical Evaluation ”.
- 2002 - Haifa Municipality Grant (200,000 NIS) “Haifa Streets and Landmarks – Phase II - Mapping and Digital Archiving ”.
- 2002 - Water Authority Grant (88,964 NIS) “GIS Model for Urban Runoff Prediction - Phase II”. With M. Inbar
- 2003 - Haifa Municipality Grant (195,000 NIS) “Haifa Streets and Landmarks – Phase III - Mapping and Digital Archiving over the www ”.
- 2004 - Water Authority Grant (86,000 NIS) “GIS Model for Urban Runoff Prediction - Phase III”. With M. Inbar
- 2005 - Survey of Israel Grant 05-3177 (78,000 NIS) “Collection, Transformation and Generation of a ‘Public Institutions’ GIS Layer for Earthquake damage Evaluation”.
- 2006 - MoD Grant (124,000 NIS) “QC Algorithms and GIS-based Tools to Evaluate Three-Dimensional Digital Photogrammetric Mapping of Urban Areas in Various Scales"
- 2007 - Survey of Israel Grant 07-3380 (485,000 NIS) “GEO-Code-Based Generation of a Road Network Data Base for Navigation”.
- 2008 - Survey of Israel Grant E-324 (240,000 NIS) “Data Base design and Algorithms & Protocols for Updating and Data Mining – National Archive of Air-photography Missions ”.
- 2009 - Ran Naor Fund (240,000 NIS) “Spatial analyses of Road Traffic Accidents ”. to start May, 2009